HOW TO START A PET BREEDING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA
I don’t think it’s new or a surprise that animals are actually kept at home as pets. The growing trend has been something that has been practiced for a very long time even to the time when hunters and even farmers used animals such as dogs for security reasons. It’s still practiced today and it’s almost difficult to find a house that doesn’t have a pet, dogs mostly, in some areas in the country today. The trend has not just stayed with dogs, other animals are also being kept as pets. There are a number of pets available today and they all are used by different individuals for several reasons with most being for companionship.
Pet breeding is Nigeria has actually become a popular thing that has even gotten people business opportunities in the area. The most popular animals in this business are of course, cats and dogs. Dogs particularly are used for security reasons and are mostly employed for that reason in many homes today. These dogs could also serve as pet dogs in the house even though their sole responsibility in the house to keep away any kind of security threat. Even in agencies such as the police and drug enforcement agencies, they make use of dogs due to their good sniffing ability.
Cats, also, are one of the popularly bred animals in the country. Even though they basically don’t have the size or capabilities of a dog, they are also well known to be found in homes. Unlike dogs, they are mostly used as pets and companions in the house. Cats are always adorable and lovely, which happens to be one of the reasons why they are always adopted as pets. Even though cats and dogs are more like the major pets found in Nigeria today, some other animals are taken in based on preference of the owner.
Most times when a pet breeding business is started, it is started by experts who actually have a very good idea of the animals they’re dealing with and know how well they behave and need to be taken care of. Also, people who are passionate about animals and always want the best for them including getting a nice home to stay are some of the individuals who might decide to start the business. Now, this doesn’t mean it takes a specific skill to be able to start. Once you’re ready to acquire the required knowledge about the business, then you’re most likely ready to start the business. A pet breeding business isn’t just a business you can just go on and start without learning a thing or two about it. So, even if you’re not having any qualifications or experience, you can start with the right level of information or knowledge.
Starting the business requires quite a lot. One of course, which is very important to the survival of any business, is capital. The capital is the first things to be obtained before any other thing. It is after that things like the housing for the animals and other neccesary requirements will be gotten. The business is a lucrative one that will definitely bring in huge profits when things are properly put in place. Like I’ve mentioned, Dogs and Cats are the most adopted animals in the country and dealing with them will definitely not be a miss.
In the next sub heads, I’ll discuss the steps involved in starting a pet breeding business in Nigeria and some neccesary things to be considered along the line during the course of the business that will eventually help in making things work and also ensure success.
1. CONDUCT YOUR RESEARCH
This is a really important aspect when it comes to staring a business. Research is highly important. As a start up or someone who probably knows just a little about the business, it is very advisable to seek knowledge regarding the pet breeding business. Even for individuals who already can be considered experts or are quite knowledgeable about the subject, there is need to do a thorough research about the business you’re about to venture into. There might be something you’re missing or probably a new technique or advancement in town that could help the business move forward.
Like I mentioned earlier, there are different kinds of pets and entrepreneurs might need to specialize. The two most common animals or pets bred in the country are Cats and Dogs. Of course, there are others and if you’re willing to get involved with another animal, take the hit but make sure you find out detailed information about it and how well people purchase it in the market. Remember, you’re breeding these animals so you can sell them, so you don’t want to start a business where people won’t buy your products.
There are a number of useful guidelines and methods of taking care of the animals also available on the internet. Make use of them and ensure you’re well aware of everything or rather nearly everything the business entails. Reviews or tutorials from successful pet store owners will also prove useful as they are already experts in the field and will most likely give you the realest information you’ll get concerning the business. Ask questions too. Also, you can visit veterinary doctor and ask questions regarding the animal you’re about to start the business with and the possible complications such animal could have and more questions like that.
By the time the research phase is completed, entrepreneurs will be ready and prepared for the work ahead.
2. SELECT AN ANIMAL
As you might as well know, there are quite a number of animals used as pets not only in Nigeria but also around the world. Select an animal which you’ll breed in your pet store. When selecting, use information gotten from your research to determine the one that best suits your condition, location, capital and also capabilities. Some animals require extra levels of care while others don’t. And also at this stage, you’ll decide the specie of the animals you’re taking. If you’re dealing with dogs, there are a few well known species of dogs available, so you can choose to select one that works for you or also take two or more depending on what you have as capital. The same goes for cats too and other pets. They have several species and you might have to select one. It is important to also note that some animals are natural enemies to each other so try as much as possible to not keep such animals together in the same place.
3. CAPITAL AND LOCATION
Capital is very important to everything you’ll be doing in the business. At this stage, a budget is created for all the things to be needed and the capital is sorted afterwards. The amount of capital available determines the capacity of the business and the kind of animals you’ll get. The capital covers the cost of things like location, feeding and equipments. Housing is very important to the animals regardless of whichever one you select. There are specific ways in which houses of some pets are supposed to be built. While some need small cages, others need big cages. Also, it’s important that they are well spaced and they’re put under the best possible conditions.
4. GET THEIR FOOD AND EQUIPMENTS
Here, the feeding of the animals is put into consideration and the things they have to eat are gotten. During your research, you can ask the veterinary doctor about the best kind of food materials for the animal selected and how best to care for the animal. Other equipments for the proper running of the pet breeding store are also gotten at this stage.
5. MARKETING AND SALES
In recent times, social media has been used to promote businesses and it is one of the effective methods that can be applied to this kind of business. Set up a social media presence for your business and from there post pictures of the pets and advertise the business to the general public. You might also need to get a banner or flyers for the pet store and have them distributed to people. Referrals and word of mouth also prove useful for marketing the business.
A pet breeding business typically has a well known market as people are always willing to keep certain animals in their homes for different reasons. Selecting the right animals, locating the business in a good place and then properly marketing it will make sure that your hard work doesn’t go to waste and also look to bring you profit.